Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Salmonella Infection

Salmonella (S) is a genus name for a group of large number type of bacteria, which each of the type is differ by a distinct specific protein coating and each type is related to one another. The bacteria itself is rod shaped and known to cause desease on human, animals and birds (poultry especially).
The bacteria spreads to people through ingestion of contaminate food. Contamination can come from animal or human feces that contact the foods during harvest. In which in this present case raw eggs.
Salmonella poisoning causes gastroenteritis which characterized by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Abdominal cramping may also occur.
Although such food poisoning is a mild deases, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration which can cause death.
Treatment for enteritis or food poisoning is controversial. Some doctors recommend no antibiotics since the disease is self-limited, while others suggest using antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin for 10-14 days. Patients identified as immunosuppressed (for example, patients with AIDS or undergoing cancer chemotherapy) should receive antibiotics. Some investigators believe antibiotics prolong the carrier state.
Salmonella infection can be prevented by washing hands with soap and hot water after handling raw eggs, raw meat or any animal products.